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US, SKorea Open to More Military Drills05/21 08:50

   U.S. President Joe Biden and South Korean President Yoon Suk Yeol said after 
meeting Saturday that they will consider expanded joint military exercises to 
deter the nuclear threat from North Korea at a time when there's little hope of 
real diplomacy on the matter.

   SEOUL, South Korea (AP) -- U.S. President Joe Biden and South Korean 
President Yoon Suk Yeol said after meeting Saturday that they will consider 
expanded joint military exercises to deter the nuclear threat from North Korea 
at a time when there's little hope of real diplomacy on the matter.

   The announcement reflects a shift in direction by both leaders from their 
predecessors: Former U.S. President Donald Trump had considered scrapping the 
exercises and expressed affection for North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. And the 
last South Korean president, Moon Jae-in, remained committed to dialogue with 
Kim to the end of his term despite being repeatedly rebuffed by the North.

   Biden said cooperation between the U.S. and South Korea shows "our readiness 
to take on all threats together."

   North Korea, which has defended its nuclear weapons and missile development 
as a necessary deterrence against what it describes as U.S. threats, could well 
respond angrily to Saturday's announcement. It has long described joint 
military exercises as rehearsals for an invasion, although the allies have 
portrayed the drills as defensive.

   Biden and Yoon affirmed in remarks at a joint news conference that their 
shared goal is the complete denuclearization of North Korea. The U.S. and South 
Korea said in a joint statement that they were committed to a "rules-based 
international order" following Russia's invasion of Ukraine. The statement 
likely sets the stage for how the U.S. and its allies will address any 
challenges with North Korea.

   Yet Biden also reiterated his offer of vaccines to North Korea as the 
coronavirus spreads at a dangerously fast speed through that country, including 
an offer to route them through China if that was more acceptable to North 
Korea. Asked if he would be willing to meet with Kim Jong Un, Biden said that 
would depend on whether the North Korean leader was "sincere" and "serious."

   "Yes, we've offered vaccines, not only to North Korea but China as well," 
Biden said. "We're prepared to do that immediately. We've gotten no response."

   The division of the Korean Peninsula after World War II has led to two 
radically different countries. In South Korea, Biden is touring factories for 
computer chips and next-generation autos in a democracy and engaging in talks 
for greater cooperation. But in the North, there is a deadly coronavirus 
outbreak in a largely unvaccinated autocracy that can best command the world's 
attention by flexing its nuclear capabilities.

   Speaking to reporters aboard Air Force One as Biden flew to South Korea, 
White House national security adviser Jake Sullivan said the U.S. has 
coordinated with Seoul and Tokyo on how they'll respond should the North 
conduct a nuclear test or missile strike while Biden is in the region or soon 
after. Sullivan also spoke with his Chinese counterpart Yang Jiechi earlier in 
the week and urged Beijing to use its influence to persuade the North to cease 
the tests.

   As part of a five-day visit in Asia, Biden spent Saturday developing his 
relationship with Yoon, who assumed office little more than a week ago.

   The U.S. president on Saturday laid a wreath at Seoul National Cemetery, 
wearing white gloves and a somber expression as he also burned incense and then 
signed a guest book. Biden then greeted Yoon at the People's House for a nearly 
two-hour meeting followed by the news conference. The leaders capped the day 
with a dinner at the National Museum of Korea.

   Yoon welcomed Biden with a toast, noting that the alliance "was forged in 
blood on the battlefield of the Korean War." He said this partnership would go 
beyond security in Korea to include cutting edge technology and a global 
strategic partnership, then drew a laugh from Biden by quoting Irish poet 
William Butler Yeats.

   Biden reciprocated with a toast for the alliance to "flourish for all the 
decades ahead." Both men ended their toasts with the military motto, "We go 
together."

   During the talks, both leaders emphasized economic security and growing 
trade relations as two Korean industrial stalwarts -- Samsung and Hyundai -- 
are opening major plants in the U.S.

   Yoon, a political neophyte with no foreign policy experience, came into the 
talks with Biden less than two weeks after taking office looking to demonstrate 
his competency on the world stage. The U.S. president on Saturday also spoke by 
telephone with Moon Jae-in, South Korea's immediate past president. Biden 
thanked him for his close partnership, the White House said.

   Biden faces growing disapproval within the U.S. over inflation near a 
40-year high, but his administration sees one clear economic win in the contest 
with China for influence in the Pacific. Bloomberg Economics Analysis estimates 
that the U.S. economy will grow faster this year than China for the first time 
since 1976, a forecast that Biden highlighted at the news conference.

   The U.S. has struggled to knit together a coalition of countries in Asia 
that can counterbalance China's growing strength, abandoning the trade deal 
known as the Trans-Pacific Partnership after a political backlash at home.

   Biden sidestepped a question about resurrecting the agreement, but spoke 
about the potential for closer ties in the region beyond traditional allies 
like South Korea and Japan.

   "Things have changed," he said. "There is a sense among the democracies in 
the Pacific that there's a need to cooperate much more closely. Not just 
militarily, but in terms of economically and politically."

   Biden did not explicitly talk in his remarks about the need to counter 
China, but Beijing on Saturday offered its own counter-messaging.

   "We hope that the U.S. will match its words with deeds and work with 
countries in the region to promote solidarity and cooperation in the 
Asia-Pacific, instead of plotting division and confrontation," Chinese envoy 
for Korean affairs Liu Xiaoming, said on Twitter.

   At the start of the administration, many White House officials thought Kim's 
nuclear ambitions would prove to be perhaps the administration's most vexing 
challenge and that the North Korean leader would aim to test Biden's mettle 
early in his time in office.

   Through the first 14 months of Biden's administration, Pyongyang held off on 
missile tests even as it ignored efforts by the administration to reach out 
through back channels in hopes of restarting talks that could lead to the 
North's denuclearization in return for sanctions relief.

   But the quiet didn't last. North Korea has tested missiles 16 separate times 
this year, including in March, when its first flight of an intercontinental 
ballistic missile since 2017 demonstrated a potential range including the 
entire U.S. mainland.

   The Biden administration is calling on China to restrain North Korea from 
engaging in any missile or nuclear tests. Speaking on Air Force One, Sullivan 
said Biden and Chinese President Xi Jinping could hold a phone call in the 
coming weeks.

   While Biden has made clear that he sees China as the United States' greatest 
economic and national security competitor, he says it is crucial to keep the 
lines of communication open so the two powers can cooperate on issues of mutual 
concern. North Korea is perhaps highest on that list.

   White House officials said Biden won't visit the Demilitarized Zone dividing 
the Korean Peninsula during the trip. Instead, Biden will visit the Air 
Operations Center's Combat Operations Floor on Osan Air Base, south of Seoul, 
on Sunday.

 
 
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